dailymail.co.ukdailymail.co.uk - February 13 view article

Archaeologists unearth stunning 'spider stones' created by Neolithic sun worshipers 5,000 years ago

  • Archaeologists found stones they think were left by sun worshipers in Denmark
  • They were found on Bornholm Island in the Baltic Sea
  • Scientists previously discovered what they think might be the first maps there
  • The spider stones are among the first artifacts that show spider web depictions¬†

Scientists have discovered strange stones in Denmark on the island of Bornholm that have raised questions about sun-worshipers who lived around 5,000 years ago.

Among their new finds are 'spider stones', which are marked with a pattern similar to that of a spider's web.

Additionally, researchers discovered copper at the site, noteworthy because scientists do not believe copper could not have been produced by the inhabitants living on the island at the time, Live Science reported.

The new discoveries point to unsolved mysteries about Denmark's history, researchers concluded.

Archaeologists have discovered 'spider stones' on Bornholm Island in Denmark. They believe the remains were left by sun worshipers who lived 5,000 years ago

The spider stones resemble the likes of 'solar stones' or 'sun stones', hundreds of which have been found on the island since the 1990s.

The remains have been located around a walled Neolithic enclosure that is about 650 feet wide. The enclosure sits at Vasagard archaeological site on Bornholm.

The island is situated between Sweden's southern tip and Poland's coast in the Baltic Sea.

Inhabitants polished and marked a kind of local stone to create the sun stones, which are hand-sized and round.

The newly-discovered spider stones were found in the Baltic Sean between Sweden and Poland

The patterns that are found on the stones mimic the sun's rays. These patterns have turned up on rocks at a number of prehistoric sites across the globe, either engraved or painted on the stones.

But the new spider stones are different, researchers have claimed. This is because they are inscribed with straight lines that run across and between radiating lines, and this gives the look of a spider's web.

About six of the stones have turned up at the Vasagard site, which scientists think was of significance to Neolithic sun-worshipers.

Researchers discovered what could be the oldest known maps on Bornholm Island two years ago. Pictured is Vasagard archaeological site where the remains were found

Director of Bornholm Museum Finn Ole Nielsen said that he found a historical reference to spider webs that could be of significance at a church in France.

A web is painted on the ceiling of the Medieval structure, and researchers think it might represent the transition from life to death.

However, archaeologists can't be certain what the newly-discovered spider stones mean, Nielsen told Live Science.

In addition to the spider stones archaeologists excavated what was left of round timber structures. A number of these structures were 30 feet wide, and the remains have been found near the main walled compound at Vasagard.

Archaeologists discovered 'spider stones' on Bornholm Island in Denmark

Archaeologists have discovered 'spider stones' on Bornholm Island in Denmark.

Their name is derived from the patterns found on the round stones, which resemble spider webs.

But the discovery isn't the first to be made on the island, which is located in the Baltic Sea.

Two years ago researchers discovered fragments of rocks known as 'field stones' or 'map stones' on the island.

Some speculate that these stones could be the earliest known maps.

But Fleming Kaul, an archaeologist at the National Museum of Denmark, told Live Science that these stones could have had an even deeper meaning.

Kaul said that they might have been part of a religious ceremony during which Bornholm inhabitants tried to ensure that their farmland, community or family would be blessed with weather that would allow crops to grow. 

Researchers have learned about life on Bornholm Island in Denmark thanks to finds at Vasagard archaeological site

It was among these structures that archaeologists discovered a piece of copper that was 1.6 inches long. The find dates back to an era during which researchers don't believe the inhabitants had access to copper.

Another Bornholm Museum employee, archaeologist Michael Thorsen, told Live Science that the copper was perhaps a piece of an axe that was imported or that it could have been been part of a religious sacrifice.

Thorsen explained that it must have traveled to the island from somewhere far away, such as from the Balkans or the Mediterranean.

He believes that the structure the copper was found at had a religious significance. Thorsen said: 'I think the most obvious function is some kind of religious building.

'This copper must have come a very long way. For me, it just makes the structure even more important, because they were offering a rare piece of copper like this.'

dailymail.co.ukdailymail.co.uk - February 13 view article